Digitalization in the food industry: how to optimize an energy cogeneration system
An Asian starch factory has optimized the operation of a boiler to power cogeneration turbines, designed to simultaneously produce electricity and steam from the same fuel. The digitalization of this plant through the implementation of the METRON solution and the creation of a digital twin of the factory to optimize electricity costs, has resulted in savings of $90,000 in one year.
Digitalization & agri-food: context and issues of the mission
A starch factory in Asia
The plant produces starch for the food industry: modified starch, sugar starch, etc. Its energy bill before the digitalization of its industrial processes was $10.9 million for the consumption of 55,000 MWh / year of electricity and 50,000 t / year of coal.
For its energy production, the starch factory is equipped with :
- 1 coal-fired boiler;
- 2 turbines (one back pressure and one condensing) used to supply steam to the steam generator and produce electricity.
The steam required for the production lines passes through the turbines and is also produced by the boiler. If the production exceeds the demand, 100% of the residual steam is used to generate electricity. The electricity demand not covered by the turbo generators is imported directly from the public grid.
Internal and external electricity
- 55 GWh of electricity purchased from the external grid
- 25 GWh of self-generated electricity from the plant's turbines
The major challenge of digitalizing the food processing plant was to identify the variables with the greatest impact on steam consumption, and to make the most of the existing assets' flexibility. With one important parameter to take into account: the electricity produced on site comes at a fixed price, while the energy imported from the grid has a variable cost.
Digitalizing and optimizing: METRON's double challenge
The project for the digitalization of the cogeneration processes had to meet a double objective:
- digitalize energy management on the site (production and utilities), and monitor KPIs in real time to detect any potential deviations;
- optimize the energy mix between self-generation and consumption of external electricity from the grid, with a view to reducing the total energy cost.
BEFORE METRON: "manual" energy management
To define the energy management rules, monthly monitoring was carried out in an Excel file. The KPIs analyzed mainly concerned the production, and steam consumption was monitored in relation to production and the volume of coal used.
Steam production was constant, irrespective of production costs and the cost of electricity imported from the grid. Excess steam was then recovered in the turbo-generators for electricity production.
Implementation of the METRON solution
The implementation of the METRON solution took less than 4 months.
Definition of the architecture and data collection
By interoperating with the existing systems, a large amount of energy and industrial process data could be collected thanks to 2,500 indicators. More than 600 data per second were then transferred directly from the plant's OPC server to the METRON platform. Two years of history, dating back to the inauguration of the starch factory, were thus recovered.
More than 100 variables influencing the boiler and turbines were analyzed:
- boiler temperature
- coal consumption
- steam flow between the machines
- frequency and vibration of the turbo-generators
- air flow
- grid electricity cost, etc.
Digital twin: structuring plant data
External and internal data were assembled in a numerical model. Digital mapping of the production line was used to map energy vectors, equipment, etc. in the plant.
Coupled with human expertise and the METRON ontology knowledge base, the digitalization of the equipment and data contextualization made it possible to build a digital twin of the plant.
This step enabled the automation of the first actions and the comparison of the equipment performance with reference scenarios.
Creation of dashboards to monitor usage in real time
With the METRON solution, plant operation can be monitored in real time:
- determination of relevant KPIs for each equipment
- automated benchmarking of energy uses
- multi-site performance comparison
- alert in case of deviation
- taking into account influence factors
- project management
- automated reporting
- visualization of energy vectors and context to establish coherent models
Thanks to the model of the plant, and taking into account the energy supply contract, several optimization actions have been implemented. In particular, a rule was defined to minimize, or maximize, the production of electricity generated internally.
Real-time optimization and follow-up
In the second phase of the project, real-time recommendations were provided to the operators present on site. The algorithms now use the internal and external data transmitted at any given moment to determine the optimal power mix for the expected production.
When electricity prices are high and steam demand is low, the software suggests, for example, using more electricity produced by steam turbines, whose fixed cost is lower than the variable cost of grid electricity.
In all cases, it is up to the energy manager and the operations team to decide on the adjustments identified and to apply or not the suggested optimizations.
The results obtained
The savings in the energy budget amount to $90,000 per year. Thanks to the decision support tool provided, the starch factory can now optimize the cost of its energy mix in real time.
With such a digitalized and centralized Energy Management system, 4 man-days are saved each month in the management of energy resources. From now on, the operators present on site can devote themselves to tasks with higher added value.
The importance of an energy culture
In energy management, the human dimension is essential – everybody must be made aware of the stakes of a data-driven energy culture. The real-time digital energy management approach makes it possible to transmit the right information, at the right time, to the right user. Thanks to clear and relevant data, the plant is more transparent in everyone’s eyes, making it easier for teams to get involved.
The accurate, real-time view of the starch factory's power production equipment allows plant personnel to adjust boiler and turbine operation according to set production targets and the variability of the energy market. By combining human expertise with Data Science algorithms, the METRON platform makes it possible to compare consumption with a reference model, and thus to use the full potential of cogeneration by balancing internal and external energy sources at all times.
You want to know more about the energy monitoring and optimization platform developed by METRON? Ask for a demonstration of our solution!
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